Bixa orellana is an evergreen tree growing to 5 M by 4 M at a fast rate. It is frost tender.The lowers are pollinated by Bees.Suitable forlight (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soils. Suitable pH is neutral and basic (alkaline) and can grow in very alkaline soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil and can tolerate drought.